Recent Changes

Monday, June 12

  1. page Vlad the Impaler edited ... in 1447 Vlad's father lost his fight with trying to keep his rule over Walechia after noblemen…
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    in 1447 Vlad's father lost his fight with trying to keep his rule over Walechia after noblemen took over his reign and it was said they were the reason he had died.
    the next year Vlad went on to a campaign to take back his families role as leader. the way he was able to take his rightful place on the throne the first time was he relied on the Ottoman army. after taking his rightful place of the Walechia throne he than turned against the Ottoman empire after helping him, his reign and his was short lived only after two years was he kicked out of the throne by the Hunydai but the person they took to put in the throne instead of Vlad had desired to put the Turkish government in power over the Hunydai so they wanted to go back with Vlad and put him in charge instead.
    ...
    what to do .do.
    http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/vlad-the-impaler-conquers-walachia-again/.
    His bloody reign
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    would happen.
    {https://usercontent1.hubstatic.com/7987570_f520.jpg}
    Vlad's down fall

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    6:22 pm
  2. page Vlad the Impaler edited ... His return to Walechia in 1447 Vlad's father lost his fight with trying to keep his rule over…
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    His return to Walechia
    in 1447 Vlad's father lost his fight with trying to keep his rule over Walechia after noblemen took over his reign and it was said they were the reason he had died.
    ...
    was he realiedrelied on the
    ...
    Vlad had desideddesired to put
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    what to do.do .
    http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/vlad-the-impaler-conquers-walachia-again/.
    His bloody reign
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    4:57 pm
  3. page Vlad the Impaler edited ... Radu cel Frumos and his older brother Mercia II of Walechia his father being Vlad Dracul was g…
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    Radu cel Frumos and his older brother Mercia II of Walechia his father being Vlad Dracul was given the name Dracul which mean dragon, and Vlad's nickname Dracula meant son of Dracul or dragon. Vlad had a very hard childhood, he was given up by his father to the Turks more specific the ottoman empire and the ottoman sultan. Vlad II was given to the Turks because his father was gevin a choice give up his kids or his life and his country, so he chose his country and his life over keeping his children but in a way it saved his children because there was no question his children would have died with him.
    so Vlad III and his younger brother Radu cel Frumos where under the control of the ottoman Sultan. during his captivity with the Sultan he was actually treated pretty fairly he was tutored in things such as science, arts, philosophy, he was taught in the art of war as well; he was taught things as horse back, swordsmanship, archery, and battle strategy. the one thing that the Sultan taught Vlad without even really realizing it was how to manipulate his enemies, to use them as pons in a bigger scheme that he will set up. while in captivity Vlad may have been treated well but his anger and rage was bubbling over time he was still angry at not only his father but also the Sultan and his brother with more and ore years going into their captivity his brother was actually liking the Turkish way and not long into their teachings he would than turn into a solider for the Turkish army. this was a betrayal that was seen from the view of Vlad which made his anger and aggression even more which would make his thoughts of getting back to his rightful place as the prince and next in line for the thrown of Walechia.
    http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/vlad-the-impaler-conquers-walachia-again/.
    His return to Walechia
    in 1447 Vlad's father lost his fight with trying to keep his rule over Walechia after noblemen took over his reign and it was said they were the reason he had died.
    the next year Vlad went on to a campaign to take back his families role as leader. the way he was able to take his rightful place on the throne the first time was he realied on the Ottoman army. after taking his rightful place of the Walechia throne he than turned against the Ottoman empire after helping him, his reign and his was short lived only after two years was he kicked out of the throne by the Hunydai but the person they took to put in the throne instead of Vlad had desided to put the Turkish government in power over the Hunydai so they wanted to go back with Vlad and put him in charge instead.
    once Vlad was in power he took out his middle man and took over his country for good and no one to tell him what to do.
    http://www.donlinke.com/drakula/vlad.htmhttp://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/vlad-the-impaler-conquers-walachia-again/.
    His bloody reign
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    would happen.
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    (view changes)
    4:51 pm
  4. page Vlad the Impaler edited ... http://www.donlinke.com/drakula/vlad.htm His bloody reign ... incoming countries would se…
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    http://www.donlinke.com/drakula/vlad.htm
    His bloody reign
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    incoming countries would see this and they would be scared and turn back. Another way he was known for putting a solid gold cup in the middle of the village near his castle. Not one of his subjects touched the cup in the fear that they too will be submitted to the same torturing that he has put so many men and women. Vlad did not care who you were gender didn't matter if he felt that you needed to be tortured or killed it would happen.
    .

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    4:49 pm
  5. page Vlad the Impaler edited ... http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/vlad-the-impaler-conquers-walachia-again/…
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    http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/vlad-the-impaler-conquers-walachia-again/.
    His return to Walechia
    in 1447 Vlad's father lost his fight with trying to keep his rule over Walechia after noblemen took over his reign and it was said they were the reason he had died.
    the next year Vlad went on to a campaign to take back his families role as leader. the way he was able to take his rightful place on the throne the first time was he realied on the Ottoman army. after taking his rightful place of the Walechia throne he than turned against the Ottoman empire after helping him, his reign and his was short lived only after two years was he kicked out of the throne by the Hunydai but the person they took to put in the throne instead of Vlad had desided to put the Turkish government in power over the Hunydai so they wanted to go back with Vlad and put him in charge instead.
    once Vlad was in power he took out his middle man and took over his country for good and no one to tell him what to do.
    http://www.donlinke.com/drakula/vlad.htm
    His bloody reign
    Vlad was not known for his governmental or political aspects of being ruler. He was known for his gruesome way of killing, torturing, and interrogating people. his famous for the very way torturing and killing and a way to scare all of his enemies he would put them on stakes or impale them, he would have a sharp log like stick and have them slide down the very dull side of the stick having them go through a gruesome death and after he would place them outside of his country so incoming countries

    (view changes)
    7:21 am

Saturday, June 10

  1. page Vlad the Impaler edited ... born to Vlad Dracul or Vlad II in the times of 1428 to 1438 he was the middle child between hi…
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    born to Vlad Dracul or Vlad II in the times of 1428 to 1438 he was the middle child between his younger brother
    Radu cel Frumos and his older brother Mercia II of Walechia his father being Vlad Dracul was given the name Dracul which mean dragon, and Vlad's nickname Dracula meant son of Dracul or dragon. Vlad had a very hard childhood, he was given up by his father to the Turks more specific the ottoman empire and the ottoman sultan. Vlad II was given to the Turks because his father was gevin a choice give up his kids or his life and his country, so he chose his country and his life over keeping his children but in a way it saved his children because there was no question his children would have died with him.
    ...
    of Walechia.
    His rise

    http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/vlad-the-impaler-conquers-walachia-again/.
    His return
    to powerWalechia
    (view changes)
    10:48 am

Thursday, June 8

  1. page Cosimo de' Medici edited ... {https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Cosimo_di_Medici_%28Bronzino%29.jpg…
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    {https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Cosimo_di_Medici_%28Bronzino%29.jpg/220px-Cosimo_di_Medici_%28Bronzino%29.jpg} Portrait of Cosimo de' Medici
    Music from the Italian Renaissance by various artists of the time.
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    of Florence
    Cosimo

    Cosimo
    de' Medici
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    European history.
    Rinaldo degli Albizi
    Cosimo de' Medici faced many challenges during his rise to power. The Alibizi, another ruling family in Florence, constantly challenged the Medici. Rinaldo degli Albizi was the head of this family. During Cosimo's rise to power Rinaldo became scared. Renaldo payed off Bernardo Guadagni's debt. This debt was the only thing holding Guadagni back from the position in the Signori. Once Guadagni had the position of Gonfaloniere of Justice Rinaldo degli Albizi was able to call Cosimo to the Signori through Guadagni and had him arrested and sentenced to 20 years exile for attempting to rise to power. During this time the Medici bank was also paused and the flow of money stopped within Florence. The people within Florance became restless and rose up against the Albizi. Albizi's guard defended him and there was chaos in the streets of Florance. Cosimo was able to use this in order to come back triumphantly with the aid of the Pope. The Albizi family was banished from Florence. Rinaldo made several attempts to convince the Duke of Milan to intervene and restore him to power in Florence however these hopes were shattered with the Florentine victory over Milan at the Battle of Anghiari.
    ...
    Giovani de' Medici
    Giovani de' Medici came from extremely humble beginnings working at a mill. He worked extremely hard to create his own bank and slowly gained power until he had a respectable presence within upper class society and politics. Giovani raised his sons to keep a low profile and always stay humble. Giovani bided his time and took some risks such as funding Baldassarre Cossa's rise to the papacy which payed off and paved the way for Cosimo to bring the family to new heights. Giovani taught his children to let the others make the first move and stay quiet and act when need be. These lessons worked marvellously during Cosimo's conflicts with the Albizi family.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-pC3VZsn4g
    Cosimo de' Medici The Elder Pater Patrie
    Cosimo de' Medici established a boss rule over the city. In his taxation policies he favoured the lower and middle classes of the city. Cosimo also brought many middle class citizens into placements in office as well as other forms of political patronage. Cosimo's main goal was peace and he made this clear to the citizens of Florence. In guiding the relations between Florence and other city states he earned the title "pater patriae" (father of his country).
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    9:02 pm
  2. page Cosimo de' Medici edited ... {https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Cosimo_di_Medici_%28Bronzino%29.jpg…
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    {https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Cosimo_di_Medici_%28Bronzino%29.jpg/220px-Cosimo_di_Medici_%28Bronzino%29.jpg} Portrait of Cosimo de' Medici
    Music from the Italian Renaissance by various artists of the time.
    Cosimo de' Medici: Master of Florence
    Cosimo
    de' Medici
    ...
    within Florence. He faced struggles throughout his rise to power with rival families, attempts on his life, and war. However he always comes out on top and helps to mold one of the most well known families in European history.
    Rinaldo degli Albizi

    Cosimo de' Medici faced many challenges during his rise to power. The Alibizi, another ruling family in Florence, constantly challenged the Medici. Rinaldo degli Albizi was the head of this family. During Cosimo's rise to power Rinaldo became scared. Renaldo payed off Bernardo Guadagni's debt. This debt was the only thing holding Guadagni back from the position in the Signori. Once Guadagni had the position of Gonfaloniere of Justice Rinaldo degli Albizi was able to call Cosimo to the Signori through Guadagni and had him arrested and sentenced to 20 years exile for attempting to rise to power. During this time the Medici bank was also paused and the flow of money stopped within Florence. The people within Florance became restless and rose up against the Albizi. Albizi's guard defended him and there was chaos in the streets of Florance. Cosimo was able to use this in order to come back triumphantly with the aid of the Pope. The Albizi family was banished from Florence. Rinaldo made several attempts to convince the Duke of Milan to intervene and restore him to power in Florence however these hopes were shattered with the Florentine victory over Milan at the Battle of Anghiari.
    {http://i.ebayimg.com/15/!BrdHukgBWk~$(KGrHqUOKjsEub(lm4woBLz)B4FNyw~~_35.JPG?set_id=8800005007}
    Arts

    Cossimo de' Medici was a major fan of the arts. He spent a large amount of his families fortune on funding artists and architects to make Florence a more beautiful place. In a quote found in Salviati's Zibaldone Cosimo says; "All those things have given me the greatest satisfaction and contentment because they are not only for the honor of God but are likewise for my own remembrance. For fifty years, I have done nothing else but earn money and spend money; and it became clear that spending money gives me greater pleasure than earning it." Cosimo's rise to power was aided by the completion of the Florence Cathedral Dome. The project was started in 1296 but the architects of the time did not have the means to complete the Dome and abandoned the project. Cosimo took a risk and funded an architect by the name of Filippo Brunelleschi who had a new idea on how to finish the dome. Cosimo's gamble payed off and Brunelleschi finished the Dome in 1436, solidifying Cosimo's position of power and influence in the Signori and Florence. He also funded artists such as Donatello who's David and Judith Slaying Holofernes were both funded by Cosimo.
    {http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/images-renaissance/donatello-david1.jpg} David by Donatello
    Contessina de' Bardi
    Contessina de' Bardi was an Italian noblewomen from the House of Bardi who was married into the Medici family to Cosimo. Contesssina's marriage to Cosimo provided the Medici family with much needed nobility, prestige, and military support as they established their power in Florence. Contessina outlived her husband but had close relations with her son Piero and his wife Lucrezia and stayed with them. She also had close relations with both her grandchildren Lorenzo and Giuliano and was able to keep her political influence when they became the leaders.
    {https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Cristofano_dell%27Altissimo_%28attr.%29%2C_Contessina_de%27_Bardi.jpg}
    Sons

    Cosimo had three children. Two with Contessina de' Bardi named Piero de' Medici and Giovani de' Medici as well as one illegitimate son with a Circassian slave named Carlo de' Medici whom Contessina agreed to care for. Giovani was named the successor to Cosimo and unlike Piero enjoyed good health. Giovani had a major interest in the arts, specifically music. His interest outwayed his work however and Cosimo was forced to assign him Francesco Sasseti as a tutor. Giovani unfortunately died before his father and so the role of Cosimo's successor fell to Piero. Piero was bed ridden with constant bed health during most of his fathers life. After Cosimo's death Piero took hold of the Medici bank. He was still always sick in bed and because of this his bedroom also became his office in which he held political meetings effectively turning the Medici palace into the seat of government. One of Piero's first financial decisions was to call in several outstanding loans in which his father had purposefully let stand. This caused this list of those who opposed the Medici to grow in numbers. Despite this however Piero was still able to keep the Medici bank running relatively smoothly during his short reign. Carlo de' Medici was forced by Cosimo to take on a religious life. He became a priest then later on a clergyman and a papal tax collector.
    Banking ph 361 medici business (under business institutions){https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a7/Piero_di_Cosimo_de%27_Medici.jpg/1200px-Piero_di_Cosimo_de%27_Medici.jpg} {https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/ce/2b/ed/ce2bed5b06110546160e191be4aeb79b.jpg} {https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fb/Carlo_de%27_Medici.jpg/220px-Carlo_de%27_Medici.jpg}
    Treaty of Lodi

    After the
    ...
    and peace.
    Giovani

    Giovani de' Medici
    Giovani
    de' Medici
    ...
    from extremely
    Cosimo
    humble beginnings working at a mill. He worked extremely hard to create his own bank and slowly gained power until he had a respectable presence within upper class society and politics. Giovani raised his sons to keep a low profile and always stay humble. Giovani bided his time and took some risks such as funding Baldassarre Cossa's rise to the papacy which payed off and paved the way for Cosimo to bring the family to new heights. Giovani taught his children to let the others make the first move and stay quiet and act when need be. These lessons worked marvellously during Cosimo's conflicts with the Albizi family.
    Cosimo de' Medici The Elder Pater Patrie
    Cosimo
    de' Medici
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    his country).
    {https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/Pontormo_-_Ritratto_di_Cosimo_il_Vecchio_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg}
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    8:59 pm
  3. page Karl Marx edited {Karl_Marx.jpg} Karl Marx : May 5th 1818 - March 14th 1883 Overview Introduction : Karl Marx…

    {Karl_Marx.jpg} Karl Marx : May 5th 1818 - March 14th 1883
    OverviewIntroduction :
    Karl Marx was a Prussian philosopher, economist, sociologist, and, perhaps most importantly, a socialist revolutionary. He is undeniably one of the foremost socialists in history, and through his works, Karl Marx has impacted and changed history.
    {1.jpg} Karl Marx as a teenager
    ...
    The Makings of a Socialist:
    {3.jpg} Karl Marx and Jenny von Westphalen
    ...
    philosophy was evident during this time and he was asserting his belief that "without philosophy nothing could be accomplished." Marx joined a club called the Young Hegelians in 1837. The club was based around the extremely popular German philosopher G. W. F Hegel. Marx was a strong believer in Hegel's ideas of viewing religion, society, and politics from a leftist perspective. The Young Hegelians were vocal against the Prussian aristocracy, and they found themselves being censored by the government frequently. In 1942, Karl Marx became an editor for the Rhineland News, a radical newspaper. He developed his early views on socialism and the economy during his time at the paper and he often criticized socialist movements he thought were pointless and ineffective. The newspaper was closed down by the Prussian government after a particularly aggressive article, and Marx moved to France afterwards.
    Marx and Engels :
    {KMFE.jpg} Karl Marx and Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels was a German philosopher, economist, and socialist, much like Marx. The two of them met in Paris in the summer of 1844 and quickly started a friendship which would last until Marx's death. Together, they crafted the beginnings of what would become Communism, and to a greater extent, Marxism. It was Engels who convinced Marx of one of the key tenets of Communism; the working class are the ones who will begin the revolution against Capitalism. They collaborated on many works and although Engels is not as known as Marx, it is only with his help that Marx was able to achieve the level of recognition he had.
    Famous Works :
    {Communist-manifesto.png} The Communist Manifesto
    {das kapital cover.jpg} Das Kapital
    Throughout his life, Marx was obsessed with making social and economic change. He was frustrated with the state Europe was in politically, economically, and socially. He tried to inspire change through his works on various topics, most of them being economic and philosophical. A lot of Marx's works were not punished due to them often being seen as radical or revolutionist. His two most important works are The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital.
    The Manifesto can be called as one of the most influential political manuscripts ever made. It was a pamphlet describing Marx's view on the history of the class struggle and the ever-present issues with capitalism. Within it, Marx explains how capitalism exploits those who sell their labor (Proletariat) and those who buy the labor (Bourgeois). According to Marx, capitalism has turned people into commodities and they are valued by the amount of labor they can produce. Because of machines and technology, there is a division between how much workers are paid and how much the good are sold for. He called this surplus labor, which created a class division between the Bourgeois and the Proletariat in a so-called equal society. Despite being short, it is an extremely informative and predictive pamphlet.
    Check out The Communist Manifesto here :
    http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic1519915.files/WEEK%206/Marx%20Engels-Communist%20Manifesto.pdf
    Das Kapital is Marx's longest work and arguably his magnum opus. It is largely a text dedicated to the full and comprehensive breakdown of capitalism. It is comprised of three volumes, Capital Volume I, Capital Volume II, and Capital Volume III. In Volume I, Marx begins by going further in depth with the concepts provided in The Communist Manifesto, and reveals how capitalism is essentially the precursor to socialism. Socialism is the political and economic theory that the distribution of goods, the production of goods, and the exchange of goods should be controlled by the community, not by individuals. In Volume II, also called The Process of Circulation of Capital, Marx goes into depth the trade cycle of a market and the results of the interactions between worker, employer, goods, and labor. In Volume III, also called The Process of Capitalist Production as a Whole, is focused around profit. It takes the previous mentioned idea of surplus value and how it is turned into profit in a capitalist economy.
    Check out this video for an in-depth explanation on Capitalism and Socialism:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3u4EFTwprM
    Marxism :
    {Class_struggle_divides_by_GloomyFaerie.jpg} The fist is the symbol of the Proletariat
    Marxism is the culmination of all of Marx and Engel's ideas and theories. All of their political views, philosophical theories, and economic beliefs are merged into the overarching system of Marxism. The Marxist believes that the mode of production, or the economy, directly influences other aspects of society, such as politics or the law. The history of society can be generally summarized as "the history of class struggles." The division between the ruling class and the working class have long since driven the forces of the world, whether it be in a feudalistic society or a monarchy. In a capitalist society, this class struggle will eventually be driven to the point where the working class, the Proletariat, will rise up and revolt. This revolution will overthrow the Bourgeois and establish a socialist nation. In this new socialist system, the means of production will now be owned and led by the community. Unlike capitalism, which bases itself on private profit, socialism would be for the benefit of the people. It would be farm-to-table, plate-to-face. According to Marxist theory, this revolution is a historical necessity. It is the next step of evolution for society: feudalism to capitalism to socialism.
    Branches of Marxism :
    {long-live-marxism-leninism.jpg} Marx, Engels, and Lenin
    The influence of Marxism is one that cannot be understated. Many political leaders have taken inspiration from the ideas of Marxism and have adapted them to fit the current society they were living in. The most notable one is Leninism. Named after its developer, Vladimir Lenin, it was his interpretation of the Marxist theory and how they were applicable to Russia's problems in the early 1900s. The fundamental difference between Leninism and Marxism is that Lenin believed the Proletariat would not willingly enter into a revolution on their own. They needed to be pushed forward by a leading figure, which Marxist theory is against. Under the banner of Leninism, Russia became the Soviet Union in the 1920s, and it became the official state ideology of the Soviet Union. Another branch of Marxism is Stalinism, unsurprisingly coined by Joseph Stalin. This banch is one that strays heavily from the original teachings of Marxism. Stalin cited inspiration from Marx, claiming that his ideas were his attempt at accelerating the natural process of the Proletariat revolution. Stalin was focused on having the establishment of a Marxist society in one country, rather than a global movement like Marx wanted.
    {no-picture.jpg} Marx, Engels, Lenin, and Stalin
    Communism :
    Perhaps the most notable achievement to come out of Marx and Engel's works is Communism. The impact of Communism is
    {Hammer_and_sickle.svg.png} The symbol of Communism : the hammer and sickle
    one that has a left a long-lasting and visible mark on history. Communism and Marxism are very similar; one can say that Communism is merely the practical application of Marxist theory.
    It is a classless and stateless society; no government and no class distinctions. The main tenet of Communism is the abolishment of private property. It is a utopian philosophy and is based on the goodness of the human person. If everyone in society can share with one another, than there is no need for class, no need for fighting and strife. Yet, Communism, Marx's version of Communism atleast, is too idealistic and impractical. This is evident by the dictatorships that arises from any government's attempt at establishing Communism: Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, Cuba, etc.
    The ten tenets of Communism :
    http://laissez-fairerepublic.com/tenplanks.html
    The difference between Socialism, Communism, and Marxism :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyl2DeKT-Vs
    Legacy :
    {hj.jpg} The Cold War, a war between Capitalism and Communism
    The legacy that Karl Marx has left behind is immeasurable. Through his works, Karl Marx had effected the political landscape of the world hundreds of years after his death. He is credited as being the creator of socialism and Communism, two political ideologies which exist and will continue to exist. Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism, and Trotsykism, are all schools of thought which have emerged from Marxist theory. There are some who would argue that Marx's teachings are now invalid; Communism made a insurgence in the 20th century and died out. Yet, Marx and his beliefs are forever immortalized alongside capitalism. As long as capitalism remains the political power of the world, Marxist belief will remain as well. He is forever immortalized in his works, his theories, his philosophies, and his legacy.
    "His name will endure through the ages, and so also will his work." - Friedrich Engels at Marx's funeral

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    8:43 pm
  4. page home edited ... Leonardo da Vinci - A Man Ahead of His Time Queen Elizabeth I Adolf Hitler Hitler- One Peo…
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    Leonardo da Vinci - A Man Ahead of His Time
    Queen Elizabeth I
    Adolf HitlerHitler- One People, One Empire, One Leader
    Winston Churchill
    Karl Marx - The Father of Communism
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    8:41 pm

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